**Bitwise Operators**

Example Name Result $a & $b And Bits that are set in both $a and $b are set. $a | $b Or Bits that are set in either $a or $b are set. $a ^ $b Xor Bits that are set in $a or $b but not both are set. ~ $a Not Bits that are set in $a are not set, and vice versa. $a<<$b Shift left Shift the bits of $a $b steps to the left (each step means "multiply by two") $a>>$b Shift right Shift the bits of $a $b steps to the right (each step means "divide by two") $a & $b And Bits that are set in both $a and $b are set.