How To: List the lines that exist in one file and not another in Linux or Windows Command Line

This solution uses grep.

Grep is a search tool that exists by default in just about every Linux installation. You can also search Google for Windows Grep.

for a Demo, Here is FileA.txt

1. In Both
2. In Both
3. In Both
4. In File A Only
5. In Both
0. Out of Order In Both
-1.  Out of Order In A Only
In A only

Here is FileB.txt

1. In Both
2. In Both
3. In Both
4. In File B Only
5. In Both
0. Out of Order In Both
-1.  Out of Order In B Only
In B only

To show lines that only exist in File B and not in A. Do this:

# grep -v -xFf FileA.txt FileB.txt

4. In File B Only
-1.  Out of Order In B Only
In B only

To show lines that only exist in File A and not in B. Do this:

# grep -v -xFf FileB.txt FileA.txt

4. In File A Only
-1.  Out of Order In A Only
In A only

 

In windows, Grep you can drop the capital F from the command line. But it really shouldn’t matter.

The command line arguments are:

-v = Reverse the compare so you get what doesn’t match instead of what does

-x = Compare entire lines at a time instead of characters

-F = Do not parse the contents of each line for any mid-line regex commands

-f = Compare the specified files

 

Hope that helps someone!