Upgrade your WordPress sites in 5 Seconds

THIS ARTICLE IS OUT DATED. Please see: http://www.TheCodeCave.com/EasyWPUpdate for the current release.

Well I’ve upgraded the 35 Second upgrade script significantly for this release.

Here’s a summary of the new features:

  1. Customizable options at the top of the script
  2. Works for unlimited numbers of blogs with just updating the header
  3. Optionally performs Web update steps as well
  4. Optionally performs backups of all WP related files
  5. DISABLED: Performs a Database Backup
  6. Backups are to a directory of your choosing suffixed with “today’s” date
  7. Can now upgrade blogs in a WordPress directory or any other
  8. Respects the tmp directory on your server
  9. Can be modified to perform nightly refresh of all blogs from a local tarball
  10. Can be customized to retrieve beta releases
  11. Can be customized to retrieve from WP.org’s archive folder

This hasn’t had a lot of testing yet outside of my blogs, but it has worked BEAUTIFULLY for me and as you can see I am running Version 2.0.6 thanks to spending 5 seconds this morning to update all of my blogs.

Here is the text to download: (link)

Perhaps the easiest way to get the file is to telnet into your account and run this line:
wget http://www.thecodecave.com/downloads/tcc_wp_upgrade

Then give yourself execute permissions on the script, choose your own or run this:
chmod +x tcc_wp_upgrade

If you get errors, remember that you might be dealing with passing the script through Windows and may have tacked on an extra CR at then end of each line… You should be able to fix that by using an SED command something like this
tr -d ‘\r’ tcc_wp_upgrade > xx && mv -f xx tcc_wp_upgrade
(Thanks to Prec on FreeNode #SED)

Then edit the file to your specifications using VI or whatever. I use NetDrive to make my website Drive X on all of my machines and then use Notepad2.exe to edit it and enforce the Unix line endings.

Right now I REALLY would like to have only proficient people run this script. It has only been tested on my sites.
This script messes with your files. If something really horrible goes wrong, you could lose information. I’ve done my best to ensure this doesn’t happen, but literally everything I know about bash I learned in the last month writing this script. A good programmer can go from any language to any language with relative ease (and bash IS a language), but we can’t know everything about how it works on all systems. That only comes with experience.

So I’ve got a bigggg scary message at the front of the script. It’s scarier than it needs to be, or I wouldn’t have the confidence to release the script at all. But it spells out in no uncertain terms the risks of running ANY unfamiliar script (not just mine) on your active site :

# Indemnity –
# Use this file at your own risk. I’m not going to deliberately hack
# your server, but others might. This is a shell script. Very bad
# things can happen. I am relatively new to *nix scripts. So
# I’ve had others review this script. But NONE of this guarantees
# things won’t go wrong or that this script is unchanged. Only
# use this script IF you’ve gotten it from TheCodeCave.com or another
# site you trust.
#
# THIS SCRIPT SHOULD BE USED AT YOUR OWN RISK. It can erase hours of
# hard work put into your site. Before using this script it is
# required that you review and understand every line and vouch for
# its safety. If you are not comfortable with this, don’t run this
# script. I have one host that I can test this on. Only you can say
# that this script will not do irreparable harm to your host if you
# use it.
#
# YOU are responsible for YOUR site. Learn how to protected it and
# understand what every line of code does before you call it.

When you run this script, please come back here and report your results.

Thanks!

Here’s the source for those that want to see it online:

[sh]
#!/bin/bash
# *************************************************************************
# UpdateWP ver 2.0 alpha 3 01/Aug/2006
# Written by Brian Layman
#
# A unix shell script to update multiple WordPress blogs to the current
# stable release.
#
# Usage: (A full instruction set is at https://thecodecave.com/article300)
# Browse out to www.TheCodeCave.com and get the latest
# Customize the “Configuration variables” found below
# Use chmod to grant yourself execute status on the script
# Run the program
#
# You can use this program in several ways.
# First, you can use it in the default mode to download the latest
# update and then install it to several directories.
# Second, you can use it to automate backing up files and tables when
# updating.
# Third, you can cron it and change the source of the update and use
# it to force the start of a known clean system every morning.
#
# Original Author – Brian Layman
#
# Created – 01/AUG/2006
# Last Modified – 04/JAN/2007
# Contributors: (Put your name & Initials at the top)
# Brian Layman – BL – http://www.TheCodeCave.com
#
#
# History:
# 01/AUG/2006 – BL – Created
# 21/DEC/2006 – BL – Added multiple blog arrays
# 04/JAN/2007 – BL – Added File Backup routines
#
# License – If this helps you – Great! Use it, modify it share it.
#
# Indemnity –
# Use this file at your own risk. I’m not going to deliberately hack
# your server, but others might. This is a shell script. Very bad
# things can happen. I am relatively new to *nix scripts. So
# I’ve had others review this script. But NONE of this guarantees
# things won’t go wrong or that this script is unchanged. Only
# use this script IF you’ve gotten it from TheCodeCave.com or another
# site you trust.
#
# THIS SCRIPT SHOULD BE USED AT YOUR OWN RISK. It can erase hours of
# hard work put into your site. Before using this script it is
# required that you review and understand every line and vouch for
# its safety. If you are not comfortable with this, don’t run this
# script. I have one host that I can test this on. Only you can say
# that this script will not do irreparable harm to your host if you
# use it.
#
# YOU are responsible for YOUR site. Learn how to protected it and
# understand what every line of code does before you call it.
#
# Donations – If this batch file really helps you out, feel free to
# make a donation of the cost of a cup of expresso via Paypal to
# Brian@TheCodeCave.com. A morning coffee or cheesy nachos and I
# your friend for life. And/or leave a comment on my site:
# http://www.thecodecave.com/did-that-help.
#
# *************************************************************************

# ##################################################################
# Configuration variables
# ##################################################################
# Common root is the part of your path that is shared by all of your
# WP blogs. It is probably your htdocs directory. Blank is fine if
# you want to specify the full path in the BlogDirs variable.
# Using ~ will not work.
CommonRootPrefix=”/This/is/the/path/to/your/htdocs/”
CommonBackupPrefix=”/This/is/the/path/to/your/htdocs/WPBackUps”
# CommonSQLBackupPrefix=”/This/is/the/path/to/your/htdocs/WPSQLBackUps” # Disabled in this version

# List all of your WordPress directories here
# Just number them 1-whatever
BlogDirs[1]=’site1dir’
BlogURL[1]=’www.example.com’
BlogDirs[2]=’site2/news’
BlogURL[2]=’www.site2.com/news’
BlogDirs[3]=’wordpress’
BlogURL[3]=’www.site3.com’

# PERFORMWEBSTEPS will us the wget function to perform the online upgrades.
# You might want to perform this manually. Comment out this next line if
# you want to do this step yourself
PERFORMWEBSTEPS=1 # Uncomment if you want to backup the files first
UpgradeURL[1]=’upgrade.php?step=1′

# These variable can be used to change where you get the clean copy of WordPress
# Override this variable if you wish to use this script to restore your files to
# a known version of WordPress. As part of a nightly routine, this can keep all
# of your sites running un-hacked codes.
TarBallName=’latest.tar.gz’
SourceURL=’http://wordpress.org/’
#SourcePATH=’/a/full/directory/path/’ # Uncomment if copying from a local file.

# MAKEFILEBACKUPS will back up the FILES from the folders above if it is set to 1.
# This will take time and space. If you have, for example, an uploads folder under
# one of the WP- folders above, you will make a copy of it. You may run out of
# space and that can crash your site. That’s why this step is off by default.
#MAKEFILEBACKUPS=1 # Uncomment if you want to backup the files first

# MAKESQLBACKUPS IS NOT YET RELEASED.
# MAKESQLBACKUPS enables Database backups to be made of the WP specific tables
# for each blog. It reads the database username, password and table prefix
# It is disabled by default for several reasons
# 1. Copies of a DB on a webserver is a security risk
# 2. I suspect it will not work on all systems mysqldump must be present
# 3. Your wp-config file might not allow me to read it
# 4. Your wp-config file might customized in a way I cannot predict
# 5. I’m not done testing it
#MAKESQLBACKUPS=1 # CURRENTLY THE SCRIPT WILL NOT BACKUP YOUR SQL

# ##################################################################
# Constants – Do not change these
# ##################################################################
#Error Codes
E_SUCCESS=0 # No Error Code. It worked.
E_XCD=66 # Can’t change directory?
E_XMD=67 # Can’t make directory?
E_XNOFILE=68 # No tarball file was found.
TMPPREFIX=’TCCWPUPDATE-‘

# ##################################################################
# Prepare the stage by getting the files in order.
# ##################################################################

# Seed the random number generator on bash or assign the variable on other systems
RANDOM=$$$(date +%s)

# Make Temporary directory for downloading the WordPress file
tmp=${TMPDIR-/tmp}
tmp=$tmp/$TMPPREFIX$RANDOM$RANDOM$RANDOM.$$
(umask 077 && mkdir $tmp) || {
echo “Could not create temporary directory! Exiting.” 1>&2
exit $E_XMD
}

# Show this to allow potential manual cleanup…
echo “A temp dir was created at: $tmp”

#Change to the temporary directory
cd $tmp

# Doublecheck if in right directory, before messing with downloading files.
if [ `pwd` != “$tmp” ]
then
echo “Can’t change to new temp dir. Aborting.”
exit $E_XCD
fi

# Download/Copy the tarball into the temp directory, extract it and deleted it.
if [ ! -z “$SourcePATH” ]
then
echo “Copying File: $SourcePATH$TarBallName”
cp $SourcePATH$TarBallName $tmp
if [ ! -e “$TarBallName” ]
then
rm $tmp -R # Don’t leave the temp dir out there if we don’t have to
echo “TarBall file ($SourcePATH$TarBallName) could not be copied. Aborting.”
exit $E_XNOFILE
else
echo “TarBall file ($SourceURL$TarBallName) copied.”
fi
else
echo “GETTING URL: $SourceURL$TarBallName”
wget $SourceURL$TarBallName
if [ ! -e “$TarBallName” ]
then
rm $tmp -R # Don’t leave the temp dir out there if we don’t have to
echo “TarBall file ($SourceURL$TarBallName) could not be retrieved. Aborting.”
exit $E_XNOFILE
else
echo “TarBall file ($SourceURL$TarBallName) retrieved.”
tar -zxf latest.tar.gz
rm $TarBallName
fi
fi

if [ $MAKEFILEBACKUPS ]
then
echo “Making Backups…”
BackupSuffix=-$(date +%F) # The “+%s” option to ‘date’ is GNU-specific.
if [ ! -d $CommonBackupPrefix$BackupSuffix ]; then
(umask 077 && mkdir -p $CommonBackupPrefix$BackupSuffix) || {
echo “Could not create common backup directory ($CommonBackupPrefix$BackupSuffix). Exiting.” 1>&2
rm $tmp -R # Don’t leave the temp dir out there if we don’t have to
exit $E_XMD
}
fi

BlogCount=${#BlogDirs[@]}
echo “Blog count $BlogCount”
index=1
for CurDir in “${BlogDirs[@]}”
do
echo “Processing Backups of: $CurDir”

BackupDir=$CommonBackupPrefix$BackupSuffix”/”$CurDir
echo “Making Backup to $BackupDir”
if [ ! -d $BackupDir ]; then
(umask 077 && mkdir -p $BackupDir) || {
echo “Could not create common backup directory ($BackupDir). Exiting.” 1>&2
rm $tmp -R # Don’t leave the temp dir out there if we don’t have to
exit $E_XMD
}
fi
cp -v –remove-destination $CommonRootPrefix$CurDir $BackupDir

echo “Making /wp-admin backup to $BackupDir/wp-admin”
if [ ! -d $BackupDir/wp-admin ]; then
(umask 077 && mkdir -p $BackupDir/wp-admin) || {
echo “Could not create common backup directory ($BackupDir/wp-admin). Exiting.” 1>&2
rm $tmp -R # Don’t leave the temp dir out there if we don’t have to
exit $E_XMD
}
fi
cp -R -v –remove-destination $CommonRootPrefix$CurDir/wp-admin $BackupDir/wp-admin

echo “Making /wp-content backup to $BackupDir/wp-content”
if [ ! -d $BackupDir/wp-content ]; then
(umask 077 && mkdir -p $BackupDir/wp-content) || {
echo “Could not create common backup directory ($BackupDir/wp-content). Exiting.” 1>&2
rm $tmp -R # Don’t leave the temp dir out there if we don’t have to
exit $E_XMD
}
fi
cp -R -v –remove-destination $CommonRootPrefix$CurDir/wp-content $BackupDir/wp-content

echo “Making /wp-includes Backup to $BackupDir/wp-admin”
if [ ! -d $BackupDir/wp-includes ]; then
(umask 077 && mkdir -p $BackupDir/wp-includes) || {
echo “Could not create common backup directory ($BackupDir/wp-includes). Exiting.” 1>&2
rm $tmp -R # Don’t leave the temp dir out there if we don’t have to
exit $E_XMD
}
fi
cp -R -v –remove-destination $CommonRootPrefix$CurDir/wp-includes $BackupDir/wp-includes
let “index = $index + 1”
done
fi

# ##################################################################
# Perform the full table backups before touching any files.
# ##################################################################
if [ $MAKESQLBACKUPS ]
then
echo “Making Backups…”
BackupSuffix=-$(date +%F) # The “+%s” option to ‘date’ is GNU-specific.
if [ ! -d $CommonSQLBackupPrefix$BackupSuffix ]; then
(umask 077 && mkdir -p $CommonSQLBackupPrefix$BackupSuffix) || {
echo “Could not create common SQL backup directory ($CommonBackupPrefix$BackupSuffix). Exiting.” 1>&2
rm $tmp -R # Don’t leave the temp dir out there if we don’t have to
exit $E_XMD
}
fi

BlogCount=${#BlogDirs[@]}
index=1
for CurDir in “${BlogDirs[@]}”
do
echo “Processing Backups of: $CurDir”
echo “HA! Fooled you… this is still a mockup…”
done
fi

# ##################################################################
# Iterate all of the directories and overwrite their contents.
# ##################################################################

# Loop through the BlogDirs array
for CurDir in “${BlogDirs[@]}”
do
echo “Now Updating: $CurDir”
# Go to each directory
cd $CommonRootPrefix$CurDir
# Doublecheck if in right place, before copying over hundress of files.
if [ `pwd` != “$CommonRootPrefix$CurDir” ]
then
echo “Aborting. Can’t reach one of the blog directories: $CommonRootPrefix$CurDir”
rm $tmp -R # Don’t leave the temp dir out there if we don’t have to
rm $CommonBackupPrefix$BackupSuffix -R # Don’t leave the backup dirs out there if they are not complete
exit $E_XCD
fi

# Copy all of of the files from the temp dir
cd $CommonRootPrefix$CurDir
cp -R -v –remove-destination $tmp/wordpress/* .
echo “$CurDir Update complete”
done

if [ $PERFORMWEBSTEPS ]
then
# Loop through the BlogURLS and do the update
for CurBlogURL in “${BlogURL[@]}”
do
echo “Now Updating: $CurBlogURL”
for CurUpgradeURL in “${UgradeURL[@]}”
do
wget -q $CurBlogURL$CurUpgradeURL
done
echo “$CurBlogURL Update complete”
done
fi

# ##################################################################
# Cleanup
# ##################################################################

# Once everything is done, we can remove the temp directory
rm $tmp -R

# ##################################################################
# Close
# ##################################################################
echo UPDATE COMPLETE
exit $E_SUCCESS
[/sh]

18 Comments

Add a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.